Development and validation of LC-MS/MS method for determining the metabolic stability, pharmacokinetics, and dose proportionality of a novel anti-inflammatory cofilin inhibitor Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Alsegiani, Am S; Shah, Z A


  • A novel small molecule cofilin inhibitor (SZ-3) has recently become the focus of investigation for targeting neuroinflammation in different neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, the metabolic stability, blood-brain barrier (BBB) penetration, and tissue concentration of SZ-3 were evaluated to support our future studies. In silico drug metabolism prediction was investigated using the StarDrop WhichP450 module. LC-MS/MS method was developed and validated to quantify the SZ-3 for in-vitro and in-vivo studies. The in-vitro metabolic stability was performed using human liver microsomes (HLMs), and the in-vivo pharmacokinetics were investigated in mice after a single intraperitoneal (IP) injection or oral (P.O.) administration, followed by a collection of blood and brain samples at different time points. The dose-proportionality was also evaluated after a single IP injection of three ascending doses (5, 10, and 25 mg/kg). In-vitro results showed that SZ-3 has a moderate intrinsic clearance (Cl) value of 17.42 ml/min/mg with a half-life (t) value of 39.77 mins, indicative of good bioavailability. In vivo study revealed that SZ-3 was rapidly absorbed, entered the brain, and yielded a good concentration of the unbound drug after IP and oral administration. However, the higher maximum concentration (C) values of IP and P.O. (2244 ng/ml and 1069 ng/g, respectively) revealed that the IP administration led to higher blood and brain concentrations than the P.O. Furthermore, C and area under the curve (AUC) of SZ-3 increased in a dose-proportional manner between the three ascending doses. These results will guide us in optimizing the dosing regimen for future SZ-3 pharmacological studies targeting neuroinflammation.


publication date

  • 2023

start page

  • 115258


  • 226