In vivo effect of naftidrofuryl on 5-hydroxytryptamine-mediated constriction in rat peripheral microcirculation Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Koch, L G; Alsip, N L; Feige, B D; Wead, W B; Harris, P D


  • Naftidrofuryl is commonly used in treatment of peripheral vascular disease. Its vasodilator action has been partly explained by its inhibitory effect of 5-HT2 receptors on peripheral arteries in vitro. The purpose of this study was to test in vivo whether naftidrofuryl selectively inhibits 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)-mediated constriction of large arterioles in the peripheral microcirculation. This constriction appears to be 5-HT2 receptor-mediated. Three separate protocols were used to test the effects of naftidrofuryl: chronic injection (15 mg/kg, i.p., twice daily for 5-6 days; n = 7), acute intravenous (i.v.) infusion (15 mg/kg over 30 min; n = 7), or topical application (5 x 10(-8) M, n = 6; 5 x 10(-7) M, n = 5; 5 x 10(-6) M, n = 5; 10(-5) M, n = 7). Male Sprague-Dawley rats (145-185 g body weight) were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (50 mg/kg) and the cremaster muscle was prepared for intravital video microscopy. Diameter response of arterioles (70-120 microns) to increasing concentrations of locally applied 5-HT (10(-8)-10(-4) M) was assessed. In rats receiving no drug treatment, 5-HT caused vasoconstriction of arterioles beginning at 10(-6) M and reaching approximately 40% constriction at 10(-4) M. These vasoactive responses were not altered by chronic daily doses or an acute infusion of naftidrofuryl. 5-HT responses obtained with and without naftidrofuryl applied directly into the cremaster-bath also had little effect on the arteriole response at each of the four concentrations tested.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • 1994

published in

start page

  • 249

end page

  • 55


  • 254