Burniston, Jatin G; Kenyani, Jenna; Wastling, Jonathan M; Burant, Charles F; Qi, Nathan R; Koch, Lauren G; Britton, Steven L
Selection on running capacity has created rat phenotypes of high-capacity runners (HCRs) that have enhanced cardiac function and low-capacity runners (LCRs) that exhibit risk factors of metabolic syndrome. We analysed hearts of HCRs and LCRs from generation 22 of selection using DIGE and identified proteins from MS database searches. The running capacity of HCRs was six-fold greater than LCRs. DIGE resolved 957 spots and proteins were unambiguously identified in 369 spots. Protein expression profiling detected 67 statistically significant (p<0.05; false discovery rate <10%, calculated using q-values) differences between HCRs and LCRs. Hearts of HCR rats exhibited robust increases in the abundance of each enzyme of the β-oxidation pathway. In contrast, LCR hearts were characterised by the modulation of enzymes associated with ketone body or amino acid metabolism. LCRs also exhibited enhanced expression of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase and greater phosphorylation of α B-crystallin at serine 59, which is a common point of convergence in cardiac stress signalling. Thus, proteomic analysis revealed selection on low running capacity is associated with perturbations in cardiac energy metabolism and provided the first evidence that the LCR cardiac proteome is exposed to greater oxidative stress.