Bikman, B T; Woodlief, T L; Noland, R C; Britton, S L; Koch, L G; Lust, R M; Dohm, G L; Cortright, R N
Rats bred for a high-capacity to run (HCR) do not develop insulin resistance on a high-fat diet (HFD) vs. those bred for a low-capacity for running (LCR). Recently, a link between obesity and insulin resistance has been established via IKKbeta action and IRS-1 Ser (312/307) phosphorylation. This study measured IkappaBalpha and IRS-1 pSer (307) in mixed gastrocnemius muscle in HCR and LCR rats challenged with a 12-wk HFD. HFD treatment resulted in significantly higher glucose and insulin levels in LCR vs. HCR rats. IkappaBalpha levels, an inverse indicator of IKKbeta activity, were lower in LCR vs. HCR rats maintained on chow diet and were reduced further following HFD in LCR rats only. IRS-1 pSer (307) in the LCR rats increased on the HFD vs. chow. We conclude that differences in glucose tolerance between LCR and HCR rats are at least partly explained by differences in IKKbeta activity and pSer (307) levels.