Type-I diabetes aggravates post-hemorrhagic stroke cognitive impairment by augmenting oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in mice Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Bahader, Gh A; Nash, Kevin M; Almarghalani, D A; Alhadidi, Qasim; McInerney, Marcia F; Shah, Z A


  • Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a major comorbid condition that increases susceptibility to stroke. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a devastating type of stroke, accounts for only 13% of the total stroke cases but is associated with higher mortality. Multimorbid models of DM and ischemic stroke have been widely studied; however, fewer pieces of evidence are available on the impact of DM on the outcomes of ICH injury. In this study, we investigated the effect of DM on ICH-induced injury and cognitive impairments. Streptozotocin (STZ) induced type-I DM (T1DM) animal model was used, and experimental ICH was induced by intrastriatal injection of collagenase. Our results demonstrated that DM is associated with a significant increase in hematoma volume and deficits in post-stroke locomotor, sensorimotor, and cognitive behavior in mice. The levels of neuroinflammation, oxidative/nitrosative stress, and glial cell activation were also increased in the diabetic mice following ICH injury. This study provides a better understanding of the influence of DM comorbidity on hemorrhagic stroke outcomes and uncovers the important pathological mechanisms underlying DM-induced exacerbation of ICH injury.


publication date

  • 2021

published in

start page

  • 105151


  • 149