Khobzaoui, Moussa; Tillekeratne, L M; Hudson, Rich A
The reversible hydration of carbon dioxide by carbonic anhydrase (CA) regulates pH and carbon dioxide concentrations in diverse biological systems. Potent irreversible inhibition of CA would facilitate study of the dynamics of CA turnover as well as therapeutic effects due to long-term inhibition of the enzyme. We have synthesized isothiocyanate-containing sulfonamide inhibitors of CA from the corresponding aminosulfonamides. Significant increases in apparent binding of some of the isothiocyanate inhibitors over the amine analogues were consistent with covalent inhibition of the enzyme.