- Biesiadecki, B J; Brotto, M A; Brotto, L S; Koch, L G; Britton, S L; Nosek, T M; Jin, J- P
- Aerobic exercise capacity is critical to bodily health. As a model to investigate the mechanisms that determine health and disease, we employed low (LCR) and high (HCR) capacity running rat models selectively bred to concentrate the genes responsible for divergent aerobic running capacity. To investigate the skeletal muscle contribution to this innate difference in running capacity we employed an approach combining examination of the myofilament protein composition and contractile properties of the fast fiber extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and slow fiber soleus (SOL) muscles from LCR and HCR rats. Intact muscle force experiments demonstrate that SOL, but not EDL, muscles from LCR rats exhibit a three times greater decrease in fatigued force. To investigate the mechanism of this increased fatigability in the LCR SOL muscle, we determined the myofilament protein composition and functional properties. Force-Ca measurements demonstrate decreased Ca sensitivity of single skinned SOL muscle fibers from LCR compared with that of HCR rats. Segregating SOL fibers into fast and slow types demonstrates that the decreased Ca sensitivity in LCR SOL results from a specific decrease in slow-type SOL fiber Ca sensitivity such that it was similar to that of fast-type fibers. These results identify that the altered myofilament contractile properties of LCR SOL slow-type fibers result in a fast muscle type Ca sensitivity and the LCR muscle phenotype. Overall our findings demonstrate alterations of the myofilament proteins could contribute to fatigability of the SOL muscle and the decreased innate aerobic running performance of LCR compared with HCR rats.
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