Inhibition of NAD glycohydrolase and ADP-ribosyl transferases by carbocyclic analogues of oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Slama, J T; Simmons, A M


  • Analogues of oxidized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) in which a 2,3-dihydroxycyclopentane ring replaces the beta-D-ribonucleotide ring of the nicotinamide riboside moiety of NAD+ have recently been synthesized [Slama, J. T., & Simmons, A. M. (1988) Biochemistry 27, 183]. Carbocyclic NAD+ analogues have been shown to inhibit NAD glycohydrolases and ADP-ribosyl transferases such as cholera toxin A subunit. In this study, the diastereomeric mixture of dinucleotides was separated, and the inhibitory capacity of each of the purified diastereomers was defined. The NAD+ analogue in which the D-dihydroxycyclopentane is substituted for the D-ribose is designated carba-NAD and was demonstrated to be a poor inhibitor of the Bungarus fasciatus venom NAD glycohydrolase. The diastereomeric dinucleotide pseudo-carbocyclic-NAD (psi-carba-NAD), containing L-dihydroxycyclopentane in place of the D-ribose of NAD+, was shown, however, to be a potent competitive inhibitor of the venom NAD glycohydrolase with an inhibitor dissociation constant (Ki) of 35 microM. This was surprising since psi-carba-NAD contains the carbocyclic analogue of the unnatural L-ribotide and was therefore expected to be a biologically inactive diastereomer. psi-Carba-NAD also competitively inhibited the insoluble brain NAD glycohydrolase from cow (Ki = 6.7 microM) and sheep (Ki = 31 microM) enzyme against which carba-NAD is ineffective. Sensitivity to psi-carba-NAD was found to parallel sensitivity to inhibition by isonicotinic acid hydrazide, another NADase inhibitor. psi-Carba-NAD is neither a substrate for nor an inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase, whereas carba-NAD is an efficient dehydrogenase substrate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


publication date

  • 1989

published in

start page

  • 7688

end page

  • 94


  • 28