Jain, Pooja; Slama, James T; Perez-Haddock, Leroy A; Walseth, Timothy F
Analogues of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) with substitution at either the 4- or the 5-position position of the nicotinic acid moiety have been synthesized from NADP enzymatically using Aplysia californica ADP-ribosyl cyclase or mammalian NAD glycohydrolase. Substitution at the 4-position of the nicotinic acid resulted in the loss of agonist potency for release of Ca(2+)-ions from sea urchin egg homogenates and in potency for competition ligand binding assays using [(32)P]NAADP. In contrast, several 5-substituted NAADP derivatives showed high potency for binding and full agonist activity for Ca(2+) release. 5-Azido-NAADP was shown to release calcium from sea urchin egg homogenates at low concentration and to compete with [(32)P]NAADP in a competition ligand binding assay with an IC(50) of 18 nM, indicating that this compound might be a potential photoprobe useful for specific labeling and identification of the NAADP receptor.