Slama, J T; Aboul-Ela, N; Goli, D M; Cheesman, B V; Simmons, A M; Jacobson, M K
Adenosine diphosphate (hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidinediol (ADP-HPD), an NH analog of ADP-ribose, was chemically synthesized and shown to be a potent and specific inhibitor of poly-(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase. The synthetic starting material was the protected pyrrolidine, (2R,3R,4S)-1-(benzyloxycarbonyl)-2-(hydroxymethyl)pyrrolidine-3,4-diol 3,4-O-isopropylidene acetal. This starting pyrrolidine was phosphorylated, coupled to adenosine 5'-monophosphate, and deprotected, yielding the title inhibitor ADP-HPD. ADP-HDP was shown to inhibit the activity of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase by 50% (IC50) at 0.12 microM, a value 1000-times lower than the IC50 of the product, ADP-ribose. The NAD glycohydrolase from Bungarus fasciatus venom was less sensitive to inhibition by ADP-HPD, exhibiting an IC50 of 260 microM. ADP-HPD did not inhibit either poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase or NAD:arginine mono(ADP-ribosyl)-transferase A at inhibitor concentrations up to 1 mM. At low ADP-HPD concentration, inhibition was therefore shown to be highly specific for poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase, the hydrolytic enzyme in the metabolism of ADP-ribose polymers.