Fermentable fibers induce rapid macro- and micronutrient depletion in Toll-like receptor 5-deficient mice Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Golonka, Rachel M; San Yeoh, Beng; Li, Yaqi; Saha, Piu; Abokor, Ahmed A A; Cheng, Xi; Xiao, Xia; Chandrashekar, Dar S; Varambally, Sooryanarayana; Gonzalez, David J; Ross, A C; Vijay-Kumar, Matam


  • Functional fermentable fibers are considered essential for a healthy diet. Recently, we demonstrated that gut microbiota dysbiotic mice fed an inulin-containing diet (ICD) developed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within 6 mo. In particular, a subset of Toll-like receptor 5-deficient (T5KO) mice prone to HCC exhibited rapid onset of hyperbilirubinemia (HB) and cholemia; these symptoms provide rationale that ICD induces cholestasis. Our objective in the present study was to determine whether inulin-fed T5KO-HB mice exhibit other known consequences of cholestasis, including essential fatty acid and fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies. Here, we measured hepatic fatty acids and serum vitamin A and D levels from wild-type (WT), T5KO low bilirubin (LB) and T5KO-HB mice fed ICD for 4 wk. Additionally, hepatic RNAseq and proteomics were performed to ascertain other metabolic alterations. Compared with WT and T5KO-LB, T5KO-HB mice exhibited steatorrhea, i.e., ~50% increase in fecal lipids. This could contribute to the significant reduction of linoleate in hepatic neutral lipids in T5KO-HB mice. Additionally, serum vitamins A and D were ~50% reduced in T5KO-HB mice, which was associated with metabolic compromises. Overall, our study highlights that fermentable fiber-induced cholestasis is further characterized by depletion of macro-and micronutrients. Feeding a dietary, fermentable fiber diet to a subset of Toll-like receptor 5 deficient (T5KO) mice induces early onset hyperbilirubinemia and cholemia that later manifests to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our study highlights that fermentable fiber-induced cholestasis is characterized with modest macro- and micronutrient deficiencies that may further contribute to hepatic biliary disease. Compared with chemical induction, immunization, surgery, or genetic manipulation, these findings provide a novel approach to study the cholestatic subtype of HCC.

publication date

  • 2020

start page

  • G955

end page

  • G965


  • 318