Luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) mRNA expression in the ovary is regulated post-transcriptionally by an LH receptor mRNA binding protein (LRBP). Eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (EIF5A), identified as an LRBP-interacting protein plays a crucial role in LHR mRNA expression. In this study, we have demonstrated that during hCG-induced LHR downregulation, a significant upregulation of eIF5A mRNA expression and hypusination of eIF5A protein occurs in a time dependent manner. Pretreatment with H89, a specific inhibitor of PKA, and U0126, a specific inhibitor of ERK1/2 significantly inhibited both hCG-induced eIF5A mRNA expression and hypusination of eIF5A protein. Pretreatment with GC7, a specific inhibitor of eIF5A hypusination significantly abolished hCG-induced LRBP mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, GC7 pretreatment significantly inhibited hCG-induced interaction of LRBP with LHR mRNA as assessed by RNA electrophoretic mobility gel shift assay (REMSA). GC7 treatment also reversed LHR mRNA downregulation. Taken together, these results suggest that hCG-induced LHR mRNA downregulation is mediated by cAMP-PKA-ERK1/2 signaling leading to activation of eIF5A hypusination.