- Menon, Bindu; Gulappa, Thippeswamy; Menon, K M
- LH/human chorionic gonadotropin receptor (LHR) undergoes down-regulation during preovulatory LH surge or in response to exposure to a supraphysiological concentration of its ligands through a posttranscriptional mechanism involving an RNA binding protein designated as LHR mRNA binding protein (LRBP). miR-122, a short noncoding RNA, has been shown to mediate the up-regulation of LRBP. In the present study, we show that inhibition of miR-122 using a locked nucleic acid (LNA)-conjugated antagomir suppressed human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)-induced up-regulation of LRBP as well as its association with LHR mRNA, as analyzed by RNA EMSA. Most importantly, inhibition of miR-122 resulted in the abolishment of hCG-mediated LHR mRNA down-regulation. We also show that the transcription factor, sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) (SREBP-1a and SREBP-2 isoforms), is an intermediate in miR-122-mediated LHR mRNA regulation. HCG-stimulated increase in the activation of both SREBP-1a and SREBP-2 was inhibited by pretreatment with the miR-122 antagomir. The inhibition of cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) and ERK pathways, upstream activators of miR-122, abolished SREBP activation after hCG treatment. SREBP-mediated regulation of LRBP expression is mediated by recruitment of LRBP promoter element to SREBP-1a, because chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed that association of LRBP promoter to SREBP was increased by hCG treatment. Pretreatment with miR-122 antagomir suppressed this response. Inhibition of SREBP activation by pretreating the rats with a chemical compound, fatostatin abrogated hCG-induced up-regulation of LRBP mRNA and protein. Fatostatin also inhibited LHR-LRBP mRNA-protein complex formation and LHR down-regulation. These results conclusively show that miR-122 plays a regulatory role in LH/hCG-induced LHR mRNA down-regulation by increasing LRBP expression through the activation of SREBP pathway.
- Endocrinology Journal
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