Stage-specific protein synthesis during early embryogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Trumbly, R J; Jarry, B


  • The changes in protein species synthesized during early Drosophila embryogenesis were characterized by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Of the 261 proteins scored, 68 (26%) show dramatic changes in rates of synthesis during the first 8 h of embryogenesis. These stage-specific proteins can be classified into three categories: early, detected at 1, 2 and 3 h but not later; late, not detected at 1 h, but appearing later; and discontinuous, detected before and after, but not at 3 and 4 h. RNA was extracted from three representative stages, translated in vitro, and the translation products separated on two-dimensional gels. There was a strong correlation between the patterns of synthesis in vivo and in vitro, suggesting that the early proteins are translated from maternal mRNA, and the late proteins from zygotic mRNA. A thorough comparison was made between the proteins synthesized in wild-type and dorsal embryos, in which virtually only dorsal hypoderm differentiates. The first observed difference was a reduced synthesis of actin I at 8 h, indicating that the absence of mesodermal and endodermal tissues is not detectable at the level of moderately abundant protein until the onset of differentiation.


publication date

  • 1983

published in

start page

  • 1281

end page

  • 90


  • 2