Welihinda, A A A; Trumbly, R J; Garlid, K D; Beavis, A D
Unlike mammalian mitochondria, yeast mitochondria swell spontaneously in both NaOAc and KOAc. This swelling reflects the activity of an electroneutral cation/H+ antiport pathway. Transport of neither salt is stimulated by depletion of endogenous divalent cations; however, it can be inhibited by addition of exogenous divalent cations (Mg2+ IC50 = 2.08 mM, Ca2+ IC50 = 0.82 mM). Transport of both Na+ and K+ can be completely inhibited by the amphiphilic amines propranolol (IC50 = 71 microM) and quinine (IC50 = 199 microM) with indistinguishable IC50 values. Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide inhibits with a second-order rate constant of 1.6 x 10(-4) (nmol DCCD/mg)-1 min-1 at 0 degrees C; however, with both Na+ and K+ inhibition reaches a maximum of about 46%. The remaining transport can still be inhibited by propranolol. Transport of both cations is sensitive to pH; yielding linear Hill plots and Dixon plots with a pIC50 value of 7.7 for both Na+ and K+. These properties are qualitatively the same as those of the non-selective K+/H+ antiporter of mammalian mitochondria. However, the remarkable similarity between the data obtained in Na+ and K+ media suggests that an antiporter akin to the Na(+)-selective Na+/H+ antiporter of mammalian mitochondria, which is inhibited by none of these agents, is absent in yeast. In an attempt to reveal the activity of a propranolol-insensitive Na(+)-selective antiporter, we compared the rates of Na+/H+ and K+/H+ antiport in the presence of sufficient propranolol to block the K+/H+ antiporter. Between pH 4.6 and 8.8 no difference could be detected. Consequently, we conclude that yeast mitochondria lack the typical Na(+)-selective Na+/H+ antiporter of mammalian mitochondria.