Myocardial function in rat genetic models of low and high aerobic running capacity Article (Web of Science)


  • We recently evaluated treadmill aerobic running capacity in 11 inbred strains of rats and found that isolated working left ventricular function correlated ( r = 0.86) with aerobic running capacity. Among these 11 strains the Buffalo (BUF) hearts produced the lowest and the DA hearts the highest isolated cardiac output. The goal of this study was to investigate the components of cardiac function (i.e., coronary flow, heart rates, stroke volume, contractile dynamics, and cross-bridge cycling) to characterize further the BUF and DA inbred strains as potential models of contrasting myocardial performance. Cardiac performance was assessed using the Langendorff-Neely working heart preparation. Isolated DA hearts were superior ( P< 0.05) to the BUF hearts for cardiac output (63%), stroke volume (60%), aortic +dP/d t (47%), and aortic −dP/d t(46%). The mean α/β-myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform ratio for DA hearts was 21-fold higher relative to BUF hearts. At the steady-state mRNA level, DA hearts had a fivefold higher α/β-ratio than the BUF hearts. The mean rate of ATP hydrolysis by MHCs was 64% greater in DA compared with BUF ventricles. These data demonstrate that the BUF and DA strains can serve as genetic models of contrasting low and high cardiac function.


publication date

  • 2002

start page

  • R721

end page

  • R726


  • 282


  • 3