Low density lipoprotein receptor–related protein is a calreticulin coreceptor that signals focal adhesion disassembly Article (Web of Science)


  • Thrombospondin (TSP) signals focal adhesion disassembly (the intermediate adhesive state) through interactions with cell surface calreticulin (CRT). TSP or a peptide (hep I) of the active site induces focal adhesion disassembly through binding to CRT, which activates phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and extracellular signal–related kinase (ERK) through Gαi2 proteins. Because CRT is not a transmembrane protein, it is likely that CRT signals as part of a coreceptor complex. We now show that low density lipoprotein receptor–related protein (LRP) mediates focal adhesion disassembly initiated by TSP binding to CRT. LRP antagonists (antibodies, receptor-associated protein) block hep I/TSP-induced focal adhesion disassembly. LRP is necessary for TSP/hep I signaling because TSP/hep I is unable to stimulate focal adhesion disassembly or ERK or PI3K signaling in fibroblasts deficient in LRP. LRP is important in TSP–CRT signaling, as shown by the ability of hep I to stimulate association of Gαi2 with LRP. The isolated proteins LRP and CRT interact, and LRP and CRT are associated with hep I in molecular complexes extracted from cells. These data establish a mechanism of cell surface CRT signaling through its coreceptor, LRP, and suggest a novel function for LRP in regulating cell adhesion.


  • Orr, Anthony Wayne
  • Pedraza, Claudio E.
  • Pallero, Manuel Antonio
  • Elzie, Carrie A.
  • Goicoechea, Silvia M
  • Strickland, Dudley K.
  • Murphy-Ullrich, Joanne E.

publication date

  • 2003

published in

number of pages

  • 10

start page

  • 1179

end page

  • 1189


  • 161


  • 6