Spatiotemporal analysis of exocytosis in mouse parotid acinar cells Article (Web of Science)


  • Exocrine cells of the digestive system are specialized to secrete protein and fluid in response to neuronal and/or hormonal input. Although morphologically similar, parotid and pancreatic acinar cells exhibit important functional divergence in Ca2+signaling properties. To address whether there are fundamental differences in exocytotic release of digestive enzyme from exocrine cells of salivary gland versus pancreas, we applied electrophysiological and optical methods to investigate spatial and temporal characteristics of zymogen-containing secretory granule fusion at the single-acinar cell level by direct or agonist-induced Ca2+and cAMP elevation. Temporally resolved membrane capacitance measurements revealed that two apparent phases of exocytosis were induced by Ca2+elevation: a rapidly activated initial phase that could not be resolved as individual fusion events and a second phase that was activated after a delay, increased in a staircaselike fashion, was augmented by cAMP elevation, and likely reflected both sequential compound and multivesicular fusion of zymogen-containing granules. Optical measurements of exocytosis with time-differential imaging analysis revealed that zymogen granule fusion was induced after a minimum delay of ∼200 ms, occurred initially at apical and basolateral borders of acinar cells, and under strong stimulation proceeded from apical pole to deeper regions of the cell interior. Zymogen granule fusions appeared to coordinate subsequent fusions and produced persistent structures that generally lasted several minutes. In addition, parotid gland slices were used to assess secretory dynamics in a more physiological context. Parotid acinar cells were shown to exhibit both similar and divergent properties compared with the better-studied pancreatic acinar cell regarding spatial organization and kinetics of exocytotic fusion of zymogen granules.


publication date

  • 2005

start page

  • C1209

end page

  • C1219


  • 289


  • 5