Abstract P150: Concerted Diurnal Rhythms Of Gut Microbiota With Salt-sensitive Hypertension And Renal Damage Meeting Abstract (Web of Science)

abstract

  • Circadian, diurnal rhythm is a vital physiological feature of life forms, which enables holobionts to adapt to the day and night cycles. Evidence suggests that both factions of the holobiont, i.e, the host and its microbiota demonstrate physiological circadian rhythms. Blood pressure is a good example of a host physiological feature with a well-defined diurnal rhythm. In a healthy human, blood pressure (BP) rises to its peak during awakening morning hours and declines to the lowest level during night. In salt-sensitive hypertension, aberrant diurnal rhythms of BP and gut dysbiosis have been demonstrated. Given the critical role of gut microbiota in BP regulation, our current objective was to investigate whether there are synchronous rhythms of holobiont in rodents on low salt and high salt diets and if inflammation pattern also changes diurnally. We examined Dahl Salt-Sensitive (S) rats on low (0.3%) and high (2%) salt diets and BP and inflammation pattern was checked. As hypothesized, both microbiota and kidney inflammation showed diurnal rhythm in response to low salt and high salt diet. Major shifts in diurnal patterns of specific groups of microbiota were observed between the dark (active) and light (rest) phases, which correlated with the diurnal rhythmicity of BP. Diurnal rhythms of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria were independently associated with BP. Discrete bacterial taxa were observed to correlate independently or interactively with one or more of the following 3 factors- 1) BP rhythm, 2) dietary salt, 3) amplitude of BP. PICRUSt analysis revealed diurnal rhythmicity of microbial pathways, characterized by microbiota upregulated biosynthetic processes during active phase and upregulated degradation pathways of metabolites in resting phase. These diurnal changes in microbiota, their functional pathways and BP amplitude were associated with concerted rhythmicity of renal Lipocalin 2 and Kim1 expression and circulating β-hydroxybutyrate in high salt S rats. Such concerted rhythmicity of holobiont with peak of changes at active phase of salt hypertension suggests that targeting this timepoint to reshape microbiota and/or intervene with medication could efficiently benefit the hypertensives

authors

  • Mandal, Juthika
  • Chakraborty, Saroj
  • Cheng, Xi
  • Galla, Sarah
  • Hindupur, Anay
  • Saha, Piu
  • Yeoh, Beng San
  • Mell, Blair
  • Yeo, Jiyoun
  • Kumar, Matam Vijay
  • Yang, Tao
  • Joe, Bina

publication date

  • 2020

published in

volume

  • 76

issue

  • Suppl_1