Hepatocyte Growth Factor Modulates Matrix Metalloproteinases and Plasminogen Activator/Plasmin Proteolytic Pathways in Progressive Renal Interstitial Fibrosis Article (Web of Science)


  • ABSTRACT. Evidence suggests that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) ameliorates renal fibrosis in animal models of chronic renal disease by promoting extracellular matrix catabolism. This study examined the molecular mechanisms of HGF-induced alterations in matrix degradation bothin vitroandin vivo.In vitro, HGF increased the collagen catabolizing activity of human proximal tubular epithelial cells (HKC) that were treated with TGF-β1. Increased collagen catabolism was associated with enhanced activity of both matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and plasminogen activators (PA)/plasmin proteolytic pathways. HGF abrogated TGF-β1–induced production of the profibrotic tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). In addition, HGF induced the production of MMP-9.In vivo, continuous infusion of HGF in the rat remnant kidney model ameliorated renal fibrosis and tubulointerstitial collagen deposition. This was associated with increased tubular expression of MMP-9, enhancedin situgelatinolytic activity, partially restored plasmin activity and decreased expression of TIMP-2 and PAI-1 in tubular cells, and upregulation of renal TIMP-3 expression. Conversely, blocking of endogenous HGF by an anti-HGF neutralizing antibody increased renal fibrosis and interstitial collagen. This was accompanied by decreased tubular expression of MMP-9, lessin situproteolytic activity, and elevated expression of TIMP-2 and PAI-1 in tubular cells. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that HGF ameliorates renal fibrosis by enhancing extracellular matrix catabolism via both MMP and the PA/plasmin proteolytic pathways.


publication date

  • 2003

number of pages

  • 13

start page

  • 3047

end page

  • 3060


  • 14


  • 12