Transglutaminase-1 protects renal epithelial cells from hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis through activation of STAT3 and AKT signaling pathways Article (Web of Science)


  • Our recent studies showed that transglutaminase-1 (TGase-1) is uniquely expressed in mouse renal proximal tubular cells (RPTC) and mediates cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated the role of TGase-1 in cell survival and the survival signaling pathways regulated by TGase-1 in RPTC following oxidant injury. Exposure of RPTC to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) resulted in apoptosis and an increase in TGase activity. Inhibition of TGase activity with monodansylcadervine (MDC), a TGase inhibitor, or knockdown of TGase-1 with small interference (si)RNA enhanced apoptosis and decreased cell survival in H2O2-treated RPTC. Conversely, overexpression of TGase-1 rendered RPTC more resistant to H2O2 toxicity and MDC treatment blocked this response. Concurrent with RPTC apoptosis, phosphorylation of AKT, signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3), and glucogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) were observed. Pretreatment of cells with MDC or TGase-1 siRNA inhibited phosphorylation of all these molecules. Inhibition of either the AKT or STAT3 pathway potentiated H2O2-induced cell death and increased GSK-3β activity by dephosphorylation at serine 9. Furthermore, treatment with GSK-3β inhibitors reduced H2O2-induced apoptosis and abolished the death-promoting effect of AKT and STAT3 inhibition. Therefore, we have identified TGase-1 as a novel survival factor in renal epithelial cells and it contributes to cell survival through activation of the AKT and STAT3 signaling pathways following oxidant injury.


  • Ponnusamy, Murugavel
  • Pang, Maoyin
  • Annamaraju, Pavan Kumar
  • Zhang, Zhu
  • Gong, Rujun
  • Chin, Y. Eugene
  • Zhuang, Shougang

publication date

  • 2009

start page

  • F1361

end page

  • F1370


  • 297


  • 5