Abstract MP59: Soluble Protein Oligomers Induce Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress In Mesenteric Resistance Arteries From Male And Female Mice Meeting Abstract (Web of Science)


  • Amyloid β proteins, including toxic soluble oligomers (SPOs) are not only found in the brain duringAlzheimer’s, but also in the peripheral vascular system. The precise mechanism linking increasedcirculating levels of SPOs and vascular dysfunction remains unknown. We hypothesized that SPOslead to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, further release of SPOs and vascular injury. Mesentericresistance arteries (MRAs) from 14 weeks old, male and female C57BL/6 mice were used forvascular function. Agonists were acetylcholine and phenylephrine (1nM-10mM). In acuteconditions, SPOs (0.1μM) caused pathologically exacerbated endothelium-dependent vasodilationcompared to vehicle (F12 media) [Male: EC50: SPOs: -7.0 ± 0.1 (n=4), vs. Vehicle -6.6 ± 0.1 (n=7)p=0.03; Female: EC50: SPOs: -7.3 ± 0.06 (n=5) vs. Vehicle -6.7 ± 0.1 (n=6), p=0.001]. Thisphenotype was similar to the positive control tunicamycin (5mg/ml) [Male: EC50: Tunicamycin: -7.3(n=4), vs. Vehicle -6.6 (n=7) p=0.2; Female: EC50: Tunicamycin: -7.7 (n=4) vs. Vehicle -6.8 (n=5)p=0.04]. To determine whether SPO’s cause ER stress, arteries were treated with ER stressinhibitor 4-Phenylbutyric acid (2mM). The ER stress inhibitor prevented the exacerbatedvasodilation induced by SPOs showing SPOs trigger ER stress in acute conditions independent ofsex. To determine whether SPOs are a consequence of ER stress, arteries were incubated withtunicamycin in the presence of the SPO inhibitor K01-162 (10mM). Interestingly, K01-162 did notprevent the tunicamycin-induced exacerbated vasodilation in arteries from male mice. However,this response was decreased in arteries from female mice showing that inducing ER stress leadsto the release of SPOs, escalating a feed-forward mechanism of further SPO release. There wereno changes in vascular contraction with tunicamycin or SPOs irrespective of sex. ER stress wasconfirmed with anti-KDEL antibody staining, specific for ER resident chaperones Grp78/94 andvisualized with multiphoton fluorescent confocal microscopy. These results demonstrate that SPO’sexacerbate endothelium-dependent vasodilation acutely and may contribute to brain and peripheralvascular edema and loss of autoregulation observed during cardiovascular and Alzheimer’sdisease.


  • Waigi, Emily W
  • Castaneda, Thaddaeus R
  • Bearss, Nicole R
  • Edwards, Jonnelle M
  • Giovannucci, David
  • McCarthy, Cameron G
  • Wenceslau, Camilla F

publication date

  • 2021

published in


  • 78


  • Suppl_1