Phosphorylation of threonine 276 in Smad4 is involved in transforming growth factor-β-induced nuclear accumulation Article (Web of Science)


  • Smad4, the common Smad, is central for transforming growth factor (TGF)-β superfamily ligand signaling. Smad4 has been shown to be constitutively phosphorylated (Nakao A, Imamura T, Souchelnytskyi S, Kawabata M, Ishisaki A, Oeda E, Tamaki K, Hanai J, Heldin C-H, Miyazono K, and ten Dijke P. EMBO J 16: 5353-5362, 1997), but the site(s) of phosphorylation, the kinase(s) that performs this phosphorylation, and the significance of the phosphorylation of Smad4 are currently unknown. This report describes the identification of a consensus ERK phosphorylation site in the linker region of Smad4 at Thr276. Our data show that ERK can phosphorylate Smad4 in vitro but not Smad4 with mutated Thr276. Flag-tagged Smad4-T276A mutant protein accumulates less efficiently in the nucleus after stimulation by TGF-β and is less efficient in generating a transcriptional response than Smad4 wild-type protein. Tryptic phosphopeptide mapping identified a phosphopeptide in Smad4 wild-type protein that was absent in phosphorylated Smad4-T276A mutant protein. Our results suggest that MAP kinase can phosphorylate Thr276 of Smad4 and that phosphorylation can lead to enhanced TGF-β-induced nuclear accumulation and, as a consequence, enhanced transcriptional activity of Smad4.


  • Roelen, Bernard A. J.
  • Cohen, Ori S.
  • Raychowdhury, Malay K.
  • Chadee, Deborah N
  • Zhang, Ying
  • Kyriakis, John M.
  • Alessandrini, Alessandro A.
  • Lin, Herbert Y.

publication date

  • 2003

start page

  • C823

end page

  • C830


  • 285


  • 4