Ionic requirements of the endothelin response in aorta and portal vein. Article (Web of Science)


  • The vasoconstrictor responses of isolated rat portal vein and aorta to synthetically prepared endothelin are investigated. Both preparations respond to 10(-9) M levels of the peptide although the aortic response is more sustained than that of the portal vein. Endothelin-evoked contractions, unlike those evoked by scorpion alpha-toxins (which are homologous to endothelin) or by veratridine, are insensitive to tetrodotoxin or to the removal of sodium ions from the tissue-bathing medium. Contractile responses to endothelin may still be observed in high-potassium depolarizing medium and are not dependent on the presence of extracellular chloride; however, the responses are dependent on the presence of extracellular calcium and are blocked by nitrendipine, nifedipine, or nickel. Endothelin-evoked uptake of 45Ca into aortic tissue is also independent of extracellular sodium or potassium and is blocked by nifedipine. These data strongly suggest that endothelin acts at a site closely coupled to the calcium channel and that depolarization by sodium influx through voltage-dependent channels is not involved in endothelin-induced vasoconstriction.


publication date

  • 1989

published in

number of pages

  • 6

start page

  • 265

end page

  • 271


  • 65


  • 2