The Constitutive Function of Native TRPC3 Channels Modulates Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 Expression in Coronary Endothelial Cells Through Nuclear Factor κB Signaling Article (Web of Science)


  • Rationale : Upregulation of endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 and the subsequent increase in monocyte recruitment constitute critical events in atherogenesis. We have recently shown that in human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) regulated expression of VCAM-1 depends, to a significant extent, on expression and function of the Ca 2+ -permeable channel transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC)3, regardless of the ability of the stimulatory signal to induce regulated Ca 2+ influx, leading to the hypothesis that TRPC3 constitutive, rather than regulated function, contributes to the underlying signaling mechanism. Objective : The present studies addressed this important question and gathered mechanistic insight on the signaling coupling constitutive TRPC3 function to VCAM-1 expression. Methods and Results : In HCAECs, maneuvers that prevent Ca 2+ influx or knockdown of TRPC3 markedly reduced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α-induced VCAM-1 and monocyte adhesion. TNFα also induced TRPC3 expression and TRPC3-mediated constitutive cation influx and currents. Stable (HEK293 cells) or transient (HCAECs) overexpression of TRPC3 enhanced TNFα-induced VCAM-1 compared to wild-type cells. IκBα phosphorylation/degradation was reduced by TRPC3 knockdown and increased by channel overexpression. Inhibition of calmodulin completely prevented nuclear factor κB activation, whereas blocking calmodulin-dependent kinases or NADPH oxidases rendered partial inhibition. Conclusions : Our findings indicate that in HCAECs expression of VCAM-1 and monocyte adhesion depend, to a significant extent, on TRPC3 constitutive function through a signaling mechanism that requires constitutive TRPC3-mediated Ca 2+ influx for proper activation of nuclear factor κB, presumably through Ca 2+ -dependent activation of the calmodulin/calmodulin-dependent kinase axis.


publication date

  • 2010

published in

number of pages

  • 9

start page

  • 1479

end page

  • 1488


  • 106


  • 9