Differential ETS1 binding to T:G mismatches within a CpG dinucleotide contributes to C-to-T somatic mutation rate of the IDH2 hotspot at codon Arg140 Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Yang, Jie; Gupta, Esha; Horton, John R; Blumenthal, Robert M; Zhang, Xing; Cheng, Xiaodong


  • Cytosine to thymine (C>T) somatic mutation is highly enriched in certain types of cancer, and most commonly occurs via deamination of a 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to thymine, in the context of a CpG dinucleotide. In theory, deamination should occur at equal rates to both 5mC nucleotides on opposite strands. In most cases, the resulting T:G or G:T mismatch can be repaired by thymine DNA glycosylase activities. However, while some hotspot-associated CpG mutations have approximately equal numbers of mutations that resulted either from C>T or G>A in a CpG dinucleotide, many showed strand bias, being skewed toward C>T of the first base pair or G>A of the second base pair. Using the IDH2 Arg140 codon as a case study, we show that the two possible T:G mismatches at the codon-specific CpG site have differing effects on transcription factor ETS1 binding affinity, differentially affecting access of a repair enzyme (MBD4) to the deamination-caused T:G mismatch. Our study thus provides a plausible mechanism for exclusion of repair enzymes by the differential binding of transcription factors affecting the rate at which the antecedent opposite-strand mutations occur.

publication date

  • 2022

published in

start page

  • 103306


  • 113