Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of 217 COVID-19 Patients in Northwest Ohio, United States Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Balla, Mamtha; Merugu, Ganesh; Nesheiwat, Zeid; Patel, Mitra; Sheikh, Taha; Fatima, Rawish; Kotturi, Vinay K; Bommana, Venugopal; Pulagam, Gautham; Kaminski, Brian

description

  • Background There is limited data on the clinical characteristics and predictors of mortality of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) in North West Ohio. We performed a retrospective review of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the ProMedica Health System in Northwest Ohio from March 25 to June 16, 2020. The study aims to identify epidemiological, clinical characteristics, and predictors of Mortality of COVID-19 patients in Northwest Ohio. Methods This study was conducted on 217 COVID-19 patients admitted to ProMedica Health System Hospitals in Northwest Ohio from March 25 to June 16, 2020. We collected data, including clinical signs, symptoms, and outcomes of the COVID-19 patients. We compared clinical signs and symptoms along with comorbidities of survivors and non-survivors. Results Of the 217 patients included in the study, the mean age of the population was 63.13 (SD 17.8), of which 194 (89.4%, mean age 61.7 years) survived while 23 (10.6%, mean age 74.6 years) died. Among them, 53% were females and 47% male. Common presenting symptoms were chest pain (91.71%), shortness of breath (79.7%), cough (71%), and fever (64%). Mortality was associated with age greater than 63 (p-value 0.0052) and hypertension (p-value: 0.0058) with marginal significance with gender (p-value: 0.0642), chest pain (p-value: 0.0944), and history of cancer (p-value: 0.0944). Conclusions Advanced age and hypertension (HTN) are independent predictors for increased mortality. History of cancer and chest pain are associated with increased mortality with marginal significance. Awareness among physicians about predictors of mortality is essential in dealing with COVID-19 patients. It is essential to educate the public about preventative strategies such as wearing masks to decrease mortality and morbidity from this pandemic.

publication date

  • 2021

published in

start page

  • e14308

volume

  • 13