Reddy, Bhagat K; Brewster, Pamela S; Walsh, Thomas; Burket, Mark W; Thomas, William J; Cooper, Christopher J
Radial access and closure devices are associated with improved quality of life (QOL) after cardiac catheterization. Whether this is related to the access site or time to ambulation is unknown. Seventy-five patients undergoing cardiac catheterization were randomized to femoral 6 Fr with AngioSeal closure (F+C), femoral 4 Fr without closure, and radial (R) access. All patients were ambulated at 1 hr. QOL was measured utilizing visual analogue scales and Short Form-36 at baseline, 1 day, and 1 week. Time to ambulation and discharge were equivalent, as was postprocedure QOL. However, angiographic quality was lower in the 4 Fr group (P < 0.0001) and catheterization costs were higher in the F+C group (P < 0.0001). Ambulation 1 hr after catheterization can be accomplished utilizing radial, femoral 6 Fr with closure device, or femoral 4 Fr access with equivalent outcomes and QOL. However, this is achieved at a higher cost with a closure device, or lesser angiographic quality with 4 Fr catheters.