Applications of the psychotherapy phase model to clinically significant deterioration Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Swift, Joshua K.; Callahan, Jennifer L.; Heath, Christopher J.; Herbert, Gregory L.; Levine, Jason C


  • Abstract While previous research on deterioration has focused on identifying individuals at risk for negative outcomes, little is known about the nature or pattern by which deterioration occurs. The problem of deterioration is especially salient in training clinics; a setting in which higher deterioration rates have been reported. Two studies were designed to test the applicability of the phase model to deterioration in a training clinic and to replicate the model with a training clinic referral-base sample. In Study 1, the course of therapy was monitored for 135 clients. For the 38 clients who deteriorated during therapy, a model where increased symptoms (demediation) reliably preceded both decreased functioning (dehabilitation) and decreased well-being (demoralization) was found. In Study 2, the same three phases were prospectively monitored for 914 undergraduate students on a weekly basis throughout a single semester. For the 158 individuals who deteriorated during this time, a model where demediation reliably preceded dehabilitation, which preceded demoralization was found. These results have clinical implications for the use of tailored intervention strategies focusing on the deterioration phases. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)


publication date

  • 2010

start page

  • 235

end page

  • 248


  • 47