We have demonstrated that ouabain regulates protein trafficking of the Na/K-ATPase α1 subunit and NHE3 (Na/H exchanger, isoform 3) via ouabain-activated Na/K-ATPase signaling in porcine LLC-PK1 cells. To investigate whether this mechanism is species-specific, ouabain-induced regulation of the α1 subunit and NHE3 as well as transcellular (22)Na(+) transport were compared in three renal proximal tubular cell lines (human HK-2, porcine LLC-PK1, and AAC-19 originated from LLC-PK1 in which the pig α1 was replaced by ouabain-resistant rat α1). Ouabain-induced inhibition of transcellular (22)Na(+) transport is due to an ouabain-induced redistribution of the α1 subunit and NHE3. In LLC-PK1 cells, ouabain also inhibited the endocytic recycling of internalized NHE3, but has no significant effect on recycling of endocytosed α1 subunit. These data indicated that the ouabain-induced redistribution of the α1 subunit and NHE3 is not a species-specific phenomenon, and ouabain-activated Na/K-ATPase signaling influences NHE3 regulation.