Validity and reliability of the general well-being schedule with northern plains American Indians diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Leonardson, Ga R; Daniels, Mark C; Ness, Frederic K; Kemper, Erica; Mihura, Joni L; Koplin, Brett A; Foreyt, John P


  • The General Well-being Schedule is a brief indicator of subjective feelings of psychological well-being and distress. It is easy to administer, reliable, and valid, although its validity with American Indians has not been established. This study then assessed reliability, validity, and factor structure for a sample of 88 diabetic American Indians, who sought care for diabetes at an Indian Health Service hospital. Cronbach alpha was .89. A factor analysis indicated four dimensions. Adequate concurrent and divergent validity were noted in association with scores on the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition, the depression scale on the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, and Family-Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, & Resolve. These results suggest that the General Well-being Schedule is a reliable and valid measure of general well-being for this population of American Indians.


publication date

  • 2003

published in

start page

  • 49

end page

  • 58


  • 93