Fission yeast TRP channel Pkd2p localizes to the cleavage furrow and regulates cell separation during cytokinesis Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Morris, Zachary; Sinha, Debatrayee; Poddar, Abhishek; Morris, Brittni; Chen, Qian


  • Force plays a central role in separating daughter cells during cytokinesis, the last stage of cell division. However, the mechanism of force sensing during cytokinesis remains unknown. Here we discovered that Pkd2p, a putative force-sensing transient receptor potential channel, localizes to the cleavage furrow during cytokinesis of the fission yeast, . Pkd2p, whose human homologues are associated with autosomal polycystic kidney disease, is an essential protein whose localization depends on the contractile ring and the secretory pathway. We identified and characterized a novel mutant . The mutant cells show signs of osmotic stress, including temporary shrinking, paused turnover of the cytoskeletal structures, and hyperactivated mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. During cytokinesis, although the contractile ring constricts more rapidly in the mutant than the wild-type cells (50% higher), the cell separation in the mutant is slower and often incomplete. These cytokinesis defects are also consistent with misregulated turgor pressure. Finally, the mutant exhibits strong genetic interactions with two mutants of the septation initiation network pathway, a signaling cascade essential for cytokinesis. We propose that Pkd2p modulates osmotic homeostasis and is potentially a novel regulator of cytokinesis.


publication date

  • 2019

published in

start page

  • 1791

end page

  • 1804


  • 30