Ocular complications of cryptococcal meningitis in patients with HIV: report of two cases and review of the literature Article (Faculty180)

cited authors

  • Duggan, Joan; Walls, Heather M


  • AIDS-related cryptococcal meningitis can result in significant vision loss, but the risk factors, prognostic features, and optimal management of patients with ocular complications is unknown. We present 2 cases of blindness associated with cryptococcal meningitis and review the literature for associated cases. Twenty-six additional cases of vision deterioration or loss as a result of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis were reviewed. Irreversible and complete loss of vision occurred in 14 patients (50%). Permanent vision loss was more likely to occur in patients with ocular symptoms and neurologic signs at presentation. Nearly all patients with permanent visual loss experienced blindness within the first week after hospital admission. Visual complications are not uncommon in cryptococcal meningitis, and once vision loss occurs, it is often irreversible regardless of control of infection or intracranial pressure. Visual complaints in cryptococcal meningitis should be considered a potentially poor prognostic sign.


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