To review the evidence for statin secondary prevention of coronary artery disease in patients with near-optimal or optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C).
A MEDLINE search (1966-October 2003) was conducted using the search terms HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, statins, coronary disease, post-myocardial infarction, and average cholesterol.
Secondary prevention trials enrolling subjects with near-optimal (<130 mg/dL) or optimal (<100 mg/dL) baseline LDL-C were included. Early statin secondary prevention studies suggested attenuated benefit, but more recent trials challenge this finding.
Statin secondary prevention of coronary artery disease in patients near goal LDL-C is controversial, but recent trial results show promise.