Locating a Blood Pressure Quantitative Trait Locus Within 117 kb on the Rat Genome Article (Web of Science)


  • Previously, a blood pressure (BP) quantitative trait locus (QTL) on rat chromosome 9 (RNO9) was localized to a <2.4 cM interval using congenic strains generated by introgressing segments of RNO9 from the Dahl salt-resistant (R) rat into the background of the Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rat. Renal gene expression using Affymetrix gene chips was profiled on S and a congenic strain spanning the 2.4-cM BP QTL interval. This analysis identified 20 differentially expressed genes/expressed sequence tags. Of these, the locus with the greatest differential expression (30- to 35-fold) was regulated endocrine-specific protein 18 ( Resp18 ), which also mapped in the 2.4-cM BP QTL interval. Additional substitution mapping located the QTL to <0.4 cM or ≈493 kb. This newly defined QTL region still included Resp18 . Nucleotide variants were identified between S and R genomic DNA of Resp18 in the coding, 5′ regulatory and 3′ untranslated regions. The coding sequence variation (T/C) occurs in exon 2 and predicts an amino acid change (Ile/Val) in the protein product. Resp18 was considered a differentially expressed positional candidate for the QTL. To fine-map the BP QTL, we constructed a congenic strain with a smaller introgressed region. Compared with the S rat, this strain (1) had significantly lower BP, (2) did not contain the R form of Resp18 , and (3) did not retain the rather spectacular differential expression of Resp18. Together, these results demonstrate that a BP QTL independent of Resp18 exists within the newly defined 117-kb QTL region on RNO9.


  • Garrett, Michael R.
  • Meng, Haijin
  • Rapp, John P.
  • Joe, Bina

publication date

  • 2005

published in

number of pages

  • 8

start page

  • 451

end page

  • 459


  • 45


  • 3