The electron density and electronic energy densities in ethyl 4,6-dimethyl-2-thioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carboxylate have been studied from accurate X-ray diffraction measurements at 110 K and theoretical single-molecule and periodic crystal calculations. The Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules and Crystals (QTAMC) was applied to analyze the electron-density and electronic energy-density features to estimate their reproducibility in molecules and crystals. It was found that the local electron-density values at the bond critical points derived by different methods are in reasonable agreement, while the Laplacian of the electron density computed from wavefunctions, and electron densities derived from experimental or theoretical structure factors in terms of the Hansen–Coppens multipole model differ significantly. This disagreement results from insufficient flexibility of the multipole model to describe the longitudinal electron-density curvature in the case of shared atomic interactions. This deficiency runs through all the existing QTAMC bonding descriptors which contain the Laplacian term. The integrated atomic characteristics, however, suffer noticeably less from the aforementioned shortcoming. We conclude that the electron-density and electronic energy QTAMC characteristics derived from wavefunctions, especially the integrated quantities, are nowadays the most suitable candidates for analysis of the transferability of atoms and atomic groups in similar compounds.
Additional Document Info
number of pages