Abstract P501: Safety and Efficacy of Repeat Mechanical Thrombectomy After Early and Delayed Reocclusion- A Case Series From Two Comprehensive Stroke Center and Meta-Analysis Meeting Abstract (Web of Science)

abstract

  • Introduction: Limited data exist about the safety and efficacy of repeat mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients with recurrent large vessel occlusion (rLVO). Here, we present a case series examining the outcome of early and delayed rLVO and the safety of repeat MT. Methods: We reviewed our prospectively-collected endovascular database for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with LVO who underwent MT between July 2012 and February 2020. We included patients with recurrent stroke requiring repeat MT after successful first MT, either in the same vessel or in a different vascular territory, within 24 hours up to 924 days and compared it with patients who underwent single MT. Baseline demographics, angiographic, procedural, and outcomes data were compared in AIS patients who underwent recurrent MT (RT) versus single MT (ST). We completed a meta-analysis that evaluated papers from 2015 to 2020 which examined reocclusion after MT. Result: A total of 738 MT patients were included, of which 726 (98.4%) were in the ST group and 12 (1.6%) in the RT group (Table 1). Baseline characteristics were well balanced between the cohorts. The most common site of occlusion was in the MCA territory. Last known well (559 ± 982 vs. 267 ± 301 minutes, p = 0.358) was similar between the groups. There was no difference in the median number of passes (2 IQR 1-3, p=0.61) in the ST and RT groups, respectively. In the RT group, the mean time between repeat occlusion was 132.5 ± 275 days. Revascularization success, sICH rates (25% vs. 7.1%, p= 0.306), and mean 90-day mRS (1.3 ± 2.3 vs. 1.8 ± 2.7, p = 0.63) did not differ between the first MT (FT) and RT cohorts. No association between reocclusion and MT device (aspiration or stent-retriever), tPA given, statin, antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy was found in the meta-analysis. Conclusion: Repeat MT in patients with early or delayed reocclusion appears to be safe. Larger, prospective studies are needed to evaluate these findings.

authors

publication date

  • 2021

published in

volume

  • 52

issue

  • Suppl_1