The Mandatory Residency Dilemma: Parallels to Historical Transitions in Pharmacy Education Article (Web of Science)


  • Objective: To review recent literature regarding mandatory residencies in the perspective of the historical entry-level degree debate. Data Sources: Articles were identified through searches of MEDLINE/PubMed, national pharmacy association Web sites, and a review of the references of related literature. Study Selection and Data Extraction: Several studies, commentaries, and reviews are examined to discuss viewpoints from both the entry-level degree and mandatory residency debates. Similarities were observed between the 2 debates in regard to objectives and rationale for change, educational issues, pharmaceutical care issues, and economic issues. Data Synthesis: Fewer than 10 years ago, after many years of debate, colleges of pharmacy made the transition to offering the PharmD degree as the sole entry-level degree for licensure as a pharmacist. Similar debates have taken place over the past several years and continue to take place regarding the necessity for residency training. One key 2006 document by the American College of Clinical Pharmacy calls for mandatory residency training for entry into pharmacy practice by 2020. Conclusions: In parallel with the entry-level degree debate, consensus has yet to be reached among pharmacists and pharmacy organizations, but several have shown support for mandatory residency training for all pharmacists involved in direct patient care. Many questions have yet to be answered regarding the timeline, economics, and feasibility of such a mandate.


  • Bright, David R
  • Adams, Alex J
  • Powers, Mary F

publication date

  • 2010

published in

number of pages

  • 6

start page

  • 1793

end page

  • 1799


  • 44


  • 11