Accumulation of βm, a structural member of X,K-ATPase β-subunit family, in nuclear envelopes of perinatal myocytes Article (Web of Science)


  • Recently discovered muscle-specific βmprotein is structurally closely related to the X,K-ATPase β-subunits. However, it has a number of unique properties such as predominant localization in intracellular stores and lack of association with known X,K-ATPase α-subunits on heterologous coexpression. In this study, the primary structure of mouse βmwas determined and developmental regulation of the gene (ATP1B4) was analyzed. The expression is first detected at day 14 of gestation, is sharply increased at day 16, and reaches its maximum at day 18. After birth, the expression quickly decreases and is hardly detectable in adult mice. A more detailed subcellular localization study was undertaken, and its results indicate that βmnot only is located in sarcoplasmic reticulum but is concentrated in nuclear envelopes of both prenatal and postnatal skeletal muscles. Immunohistochemical studies show that βmis specific to myocytes and, at the subcellular level, many nuclear envelopes are intensively labeled in both fetal and newborn skeletal muscles. Accordingly, βmis detected by immunoblotting in purified nuclei and nuclear membranes from neonatal skeletal muscles. On transfection of human rhabdomyosarcoma cell line RD, green fluorescent protein-tagged βmresides intracellularly with significant enrichment in nuclear envelopes, whereas βmwith transmembrane domain deleted localizes in both cytoplasm and nucleoplasm. Nuclear βmapparently is not in association with Na,K-ATPase because we never detected its α-subunit in myonuclear membranes. These results indicate that βmhas a specialized function in mammalian perinatal myocytes, different from functions of other X,K-ATPase β-subunits. The unique temporospatial distribution of βmprotein expression suggests its important role in development of growing skeletal muscle.


  • Zhao, Hao
  • Pestov, Nikolay B.
  • Korneenko, Tatyana V.
  • Shakhparonov, Mikhail I.
  • Modyanov, Nikolai

publication date

  • 2004

start page

  • C757

end page

  • C767


  • 286


  • 4