Effects of epinephrine on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and GLUT-4 phosphorylation in muscle Article (Web of Science)


  • beta-Adrenergic stimulation has been reported to inhibit insulin-stimulated glucose transport in adipocytes. This effect has been attributed to a decrease in the intrinsic activity of the GLUT-4 isoform of the glucose transporter that is mediated by phosphorylation of GLUT-4. Early studies showed no inhibition of insulin-stimulated glucose transport by epinephrine in skeletal muscle. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of epinephrine on GLUT-4 phosphorylation, and reevaluate the effect of beta-adrenergic stimulation on insulin-activated glucose transport, in skeletal muscle. We found that 1 microM epinephrine, which raised adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate approximately ninefold, resulted in GLUT-4 phosphorylation in rat skeletal muscle but had no inhibitory effect on insulin-stimulated 3-O-methyl-D-glucose (3-MG) transport. In contrast to 3-MG transport, the uptakes of 2-deoxyglucose and glucose were markedly inhibited by epinephrine treatment. This inhibitory effect was presumably mediated by stimulation of glycogenolysis, which resulted in an increase in glucose 6-phosphate concentration to levels known to severely inhibit hexokinase. We conclude that 1) beta-adrenergic stimulation decreases glucose uptake by raising glucose 6-phosphate concentration, thus inhibiting hexokinase, but does not inhibit insulin-stimulated glucose transport and 2) phosphorylation of GLUT-4 has no effect on glucose transport in skeletal muscle.


  • Lee, Abraham
  • Hansen, P. A.
  • Schluter, J.
  • Gulve, E. A.
  • Gao, J.
  • Holloszy, J. O.

publication date

  • 1997

start page

  • C1082

end page

  • C1087


  • 273


  • 3