Making Sense of Family Medicine Resident Wellness Curricula: A Delphi Study of Content Experts Article (Web of Science)


  • Background and Objectives: The Association of Family Medicine Residency Directors (AFMRD) Physician Wellness Task Force released a comprehensive Well-Being Action Plan as a guide to help programs create a culture of wellness. The plan, however, does not offer a recommendation as to which elements may be most important, least resource intensive, or most feasible. This study sought to identify the most essential components of the AFMRD’s Well-Being Action Plan, as rated by expert panelists using a modified Delphi technique. Methods: Sixty-eight selected experts were asked to participate; after three rounds of surveys, the final sample included 27 participants (7% residents, 38% MD faculty, 54% behavioral science faculty). Results: Fourteen elements were rated as essential by at least 80% of the participants. These components included interventions at both the system and individual level. Of those elements ranked in the top five by a majority of the panel, all but one do not mention specific curricular content, but rather discusses the nature of a wellness curriculum. Conclusions: The expert consensus was that an essential curriculum should begin early, be longitudinal, identify a champion, and provide support for self-disclosure of struggles.


  • Penwell-Waines, Lauren
  • Runyan, Christine
  • Kolobova, Irina
  • Grace, Aaron
  • Brennan, Julie A
  • Buck, Katherine
  • Ross, Valerie
  • Schneiderhan, Jill

publication date

  • 2019

published in

number of pages

  • 6

start page

  • 670

end page

  • 676


  • 51


  • 8