Hormonal modulation of glomerular function Article (Web of Science)


  • Glomeruli contain receptors for many hormones. Binding of angiotensin II (ANG II) or antidiuretic hormone (ADH) to glomerular mesangial cells elicits a contractile response. Other hormones induce synthesis of cyclic nucleotides (cAMP, cGMP). Glomeruli also synthesize several prostaglandins, renin, and ANG II. Micropuncture studies in Munich-Wistar rats have examined the effects of vasoactive drugs and hormones on the filtration process. Several vasodilators increase renal plasma flow in the dog and rat, but GFR remains relatively unchanged due to an offsetting fall in the ultrafiltration coefficient (Kf). Vasoconstrictor substances such as ANG II and norepinephrine cause declines in renal plasma flow and Kf, but GFR remains constant due to an increase in the transcapillary hydraulic pressure gradient. Antidiuretic peptides and parathyroid hormone also reduce Kf. Glomerular mesangial cells may regulate Kf by contracting and reducing glomerular capillary surface area. ANG II and ADH directly stimulate mesangial cell contraction in vitro. Other hormones appear to cause contraction by inducing local ANG II synthesis. These hormonal pathways are implicated in the pathogenesis of altered glomerular function in diverse forms of renal injury.


publication date

  • 1983

start page

  • F95

end page

  • F104


  • 244


  • 2