Internalization of IgG-Coated Targets Results in Activation and Secretion of Soluble CD40 Ligand and RANTES by Human Platelets Article (Web of Science)


  • ABSTRACT Platelets are crucial elements for maintenance of hemostasis. Other functions attributable to platelets are now being appreciated, such as their role in inflammatory reactions and host defense. Platelets have been reported to bind immunological stimuli like IgG complexes, and for nearly 50 years it has been speculated that platelets may participate in immunological reactions. Platelets have been reported to bind and internalize various substances, similar to other leukocytes, such as macrophages and dendritic cells. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that human platelets can bind and internalize IgG-coated particles, similar to leukocytes. To this end, we observed that interaction with IgG-coated beads resulted in platelet activation (as measured by CD62P expression), internalization of targets, and significant soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) and RANTES ( r egulated upon a ctivation, n ormal T cell e xpresses and s ecreted) secretion. Blocking FcγRIIA with monoclonal antibody (MAb) IV.3 or inhibiting actin remodeling with cytochalasin D inhibited platelet activation, internalization, and cytokine production. These data suggest that platelets are capable of mediating internalization of IgG-coated particles, resulting in platelet activation and release of both sCD40L and RANTES.


publication date

  • 2011

published in

number of pages

  • 6

start page

  • 210

end page

  • 216


  • 18


  • 2