Activation of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor γ (PPARγ) by Rosiglitazone Suppresses Components of the Insulin-Like Growth Factor Regulatory System in Vitro and in Vivo Article (Web of Science)


  • Rosiglitazone (Rosi) belongs to the class of thiazolidinediones (TZDs) that are ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ). Stimulation of PPARγ suppresses bone formation and enhances marrow adipogenesis. We hypothesized that activation of PPARγ down-regulates components of the IGF regulatory system, leading to impaired osteoblast function. Rosi treatment (1 μm) of a marrow stromal cell line (UAMS-33) transfected with empty vector (U-33/c) or with PPARγ2 (U-33/γ2) were analyzed by microarray. Rosi reduced IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-4, and the type I and II IGF receptor (IGF1R and IGF2R) expression at 72 h in U-33/γ2 compared with U-33/c cells (P < 0.01); these findings were confirmed by RT-PCR. Rosi reduced secreted IGF-I from U-33/γ2 cells by 75% (P < 0.05). Primary marrow stromal cells (MSCs) extracted from adult (8 months) and old (24 months) C57BL/6J (B6) mice were treated with Rosi (1 μm) for 48 h. IGF-I, IGFBP-4, and IGF1R transcripts were reduced in Rosi-treated MSCs compared with vehicle (P < 0.01) and secreted IGF-I was also suppressed (P < 0.05). B6 mice treated with Rosi (20 mg/kg·d) for short duration (i.e. 4 d), and long term (i.e. 7 wk) had reduced serum IGF-I; this was accompanied by markedly suppressed IGF-I transcripts in the liver and peripheral fat of treated animals. To determine whether Rosi affected circulating IGF-I in humans, we measured serum IGF-I, IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 at four time points in 50 postmenopausal women randomized to either Rosi (8 mg/d) or placebo. Rosi-treated subjects had significantly lower IGF-I at 8 wk than baseline (−25%, P < 0.05), and at 16 wk their levels were reduced 14% vs. placebo (P = 0.15). We conclude that Rosi suppresses IGF-I expression in bone and liver; these changes could affect skeletal acquisition through endocrine and paracrine pathways.


  • Lecka-Czernik, Beata Anna
  • Ackert-Bicknell, C.
  • Adamo, M. L.
  • Marmolejos, V.
  • Churchill, G. A.
  • Shockley, K. R.
  • Reid, I. R.
  • Grey, A.
  • Rosen, C. J.

publication date

  • 2007

published in

number of pages

  • 8

start page

  • 903

end page

  • 911


  • 148


  • 2