Two Cases of Suspected Immunologic-Based Hypersensitivity Reactions to Etoposide Therapy Article (Web of Science)

abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To report two cases of suspected immunologic-based hypersensitivity reactions to etoposide therapy. DATA SYNTHESIS: Two cases are presented that differ from the majority of reported hypersensitivity reactions to etoposide. One patient, who tolerated etoposide during his first three-day chemotherapeutic dosage regimen, developed a hypersensitivity reaction to etoposide upon re-exposure to the drug during the first day of a subsequent three-day cycle. Another patient experienced a hypotensive episode on the first day of an initial three-day regimen, which did not recur on the two subsequent days of the cycle. However, when the patient was re-exposed to etoposide four weeks later, he experienced a severe reaction within minutes of drug infusion. Both patients were premedicated with corticosteroids and neither reported prior drug allergies. CONCLUSIONS: Based upon these cases and other literature reports, we believe these reactions primarily represent a type II or immunologic-based hypersensitivity reaction to etoposide.

authors

publication date

  • 1992

published in

number of pages

  • 3

start page

  • 1227

end page

  • 1230

volume

  • 26

issue

  • 10