Iraqi American Refugee Youths’ Exposure to Violence Article (Web of Science)


  • This exploratory study examines the relationships between exposure to violence in the community, school, home and dating relationships among Iraqi American youth. As Iraqi American youth are traditionally not allowed to date, dating violence measures focused on attitudes about and perceptions of abuse occurring in the relationships of friends. The number of friends known who were secretly dating was the most significant predictor of acceptability of dating violence and perceived prevalence of abuse. Youth who experienced child abuse perceived higher rates of dating violence among their peers. Findings highlight the complexities of prevention and intervention of teen dating violence within secretive relationships.


  • Black, Beverly M.
  • Chiodo, Lisa M.
  • Weisz, Arlene N.
  • Elias-Lambert, Nada
  • Kernsmith, Poco D.
  • Yoon, Jina S.
  • Lewandowski, Linda A.

publication date

  • 2013

published in

number of pages

  • 19

start page

  • 202

end page

  • 221


  • 19


  • 2